When young individuals (between 15 – 21) go to young offender institutions, they are expected to adhere to certain rules or procedures but are also entitled to some rights.

For instance, they should be provided with adequate food and water, proper health care, be protected from harassment and bullying and have the right to contact their lawyer.

They should not break any rules while in young offender institution, failure to which they will be rebuked and punished accordingly.

Living Conditions

Young jail inmates will more often than not share a tiny room commonly referred to as a cell with an extra person. They are allowed to carry with them some of their belongings: photographs, required legal documents, and even forms of entertainment like radios. This doesn’t apply to the furniture as the prison service provides it.

They are permitted to spend half an hour every day outside their prison premises; this is mostly in prison exercise yards. These yards have benches for relaxation, weights to build muscle, playing grounds for different sports and board games to facilitate socialization.

All inmates have their meals at the prison canteen and are free to socialize in a session called free association. Every inmate is expected to clean the furniture and floor of his cell.


Young jail inmates can be categorized into the following categories:

Category A – This class belongs to young jail inmates considered most dangerous. If such inmates were to escape the young offender institution, they would pose a serious threat to the public. The young offender institution service strives to make their escape impossible.

Restricted status – This category of inmates is considered to be less of a threat than category A. However, they are still considered dangerous, and prison staff thinks it’s best that they are kept in a safe section of the young offender institution.

Closed conditions – This category presents a minimal threat to society as they lack the skills to escape or are completely disinterested. They shouldn’t be kept in an open institution, though.

Open conditions – This category of inmates is totally harmless and therefore, the staff holds them in an open offender institution.


The life of young jail inmates is focused on a complete individual’s rehabilitation, so as to avoid recidivism or release to the society.

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